UPSC Main Syllabus

UPSC Mains Exam (1750 Marks)

  • The Mains examination constitutes the 2nd phase of the Civil Services Examination. Only after successfully qualifying in the prelims exam would the candidates be allowed to write the IAS Mains.
  • The Mains exam tests the candidate’s academic talent in depth and his/her ability to present his/her understanding according to the requirements of the question in a time-bound manner.
  • The UPSC Mains exam consists of 9 papers, out of which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each.
  • The two qualifying papers are:
    • Any Indian Language
    • English Language Paper

The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates who attain 25% marks in both the language papers as a minimum qualifying standard in these qualifying papers, will be taken cognizance of, for evaluation.

In case a candidate does not qualify in these language papers, then the marks obtained by such candidates will not be considered or counted.

Structure of the language papers:

The types of questions asked are –

  1. Essay – 100 marks
  2. Reading comprehension – 60 marks
  3. Precis Writing – 60 marks
  4. Translation:
    1. English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) – 20 marks
    2. Compulsory language to English – 20 marks
  5. Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks

The rest of the seven papers can be written in any of the languages mentioned under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India or in English.

UPSC Mains Syllabus

PaperSubjectMarks
Paper – IEssay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)250
Paper – IIGeneral Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)250
Paper – IIIGeneral Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)250
Paper – IVGeneral Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)250
Paper – VGeneral Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)250
Paper – VIOptional Subject – Paper I250
Paper – VIIOptional Subject – Paper II250

The UPSC Mains syllabus gives a list of 48 Optional Subjects which include Literature of different languages. Candidates need to choose any one of the ‘Optional Subjects’ from the list of subjects given below:

Civil Services Exam Syllabus For IAS Mains Optional Subjects:

Agriculture – UPSC SyllabusZoology – UPSC Syllabus
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Assamese (Literature)
Anthropology – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Bengali (Literature)
Botany – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Bodo (Literature)
Chemistry –  UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Dogri (Literature)
Civil Engineering – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Gujarati (Literature)
Commerce & Accountancy – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Hindi (Literature)
Economics – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Kannada (Literature)
Electrical Engineering – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Kashmiri (Literature)
Geography – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Konkani (Literature)
Geology – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Maithili (Literature)
History – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Malayalam (Literature)
Law – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Manipuri (Literature)
Management – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Marathi (Literature)
Mathematics – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Nepali (Literature)
Mechanical Engineering – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Odia (Literature)
Medical Science – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Punjabi (Literature)
Philosophy – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Sanskrit (Literature)
Physics – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Santhali (Literature)
Political Science & International Relations – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Sindhi (Literature)
Psychology – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Tamil (Literature)
Public Administration – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Telugu (Literature)
Sociology – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – English (Literature)
Statistics – UPSC SyllabusIAS Syllabus – Urdu (Literature)

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